Ministry : Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
It stands for "Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources - DHAN scheme at the National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI)"
Positively impact village cleanliness and generate wealth and energy from cattle and organic waste.
The scheme also aims at creating new rural livelihood opportunities and enhancing income for farmers and other rural people.
The Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) comprises two main components for creating clean villages – creating open defecation free (ODF) villages and managing solid and liquid waste in villages. With over 3.5 lakh villages, 374 districts and 16 States/UTsof the country being declared ODF, the stage is set for ODF-plus activities, including measures to enhance solid and liquid waste management. The GOBAR-DHAN scheme, with its focus on keeping villages clean, increasing the income of rural households, and generation of energy from cattle waste, is an important element of this ODF-plus strategy.
Functioning of the Scheme:
The scheme envisages creation of 700 bio-gas units in different states in the country in 2018-19.
Under GObar-Dhan, cooking gas would be provided to rural habitations and technical support would ensure that the schemes functioned on a sustainable basis.
Benefits of the Scheme:
The WHO estimates about 5 lakh deaths in India alone, due to indoor air pollution caused by impure cooking fuel. This will help convert waste into resource & improve the prevailing health conditions.
It will provide an alternative source of energy and cheap gas to rural areas.
It will help with revenue generation.
An online trading platform is being created to connect farmers to the buyers so that farmers get the right price for animal dung and agricultural waste.
It will promote Self Help groups, cooperative societies and entrepreneurs.