Ministry: Ministry of Panchayati Raj
Type of Scheme: Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
Time Period of the Scheme : 1st April 2018 to 31 march 2022.
The Finance Minister, in his budget speech for 2016-17, announced the launch of new restructured scheme of Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA), for developing governance capabilities of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) to deliver on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
A Committee under the Chairmanship of the Vice Chairman-NITI Aayog was constituted to restructure the existing scheme of this Ministry as Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan. The recommendations of this committee, formed the basis for the formulation of the scheme.
Scope of the Scheme:
It will extend to all States and Union territories of the Country and will also include institutions of rural local government in non-Part IX areas, where Panchayats do not exist.
The Scheme will have both Central and State Component.
Central Component includes:
National Plan of Technical Assistance.
Mission mode project on e-Panchayat.
Incentivization of Panchayat.
State Component includes:
Central Component will be fully funded by Government of India. However, Centre:State funding pattern for State Component will be 60:40 for all States, except North East and Hill States where Centre:State funding pattern will be 90:10. For all Union Territories (UTs) (with and without legislatures), the Central share will be 100%.
The implementation and monitoring of the activities of the scheme will broadly be aligned for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with main thrust on Panchayats identified under Mission Antyodaya and 115 Aspirational districts as identified by NITI Aayog.
The Scheme will converge capacity building initiatives of other Ministries with particular focus on those Ministries which will be impacted substantially by this Scheme.
Impact of the Scheme:
The approved scheme of RGSA will help more than 2.55 lakh Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) to develop governance capabilities to deliver on SDGs through inclusive local governance with focus on optimum utilisation of available resources.
The key principles of SDGs, i.e. leaving no one behind, reaching the farthest first and universal coverage, along with gender equality will be embedded in the design of all capacity building interventions including trainings, training modules and materials.
As Panchayats have representation of Schedule Castes, Schedule Tribes and women, and are institutions closest to the grassroots, strengthening Panchayats will promote equity and inclusiveness, along with Social Justice and economic development of the community.
Increased use of e-governance by PRIs will help achieve improved service delivery and transparency.
The scheme will strengthen Gram Sabhas to function as effective institutions with social inclusion of citizens particularly the vulnerable groups.
Panchayats will progressively be strengthened through incentivisation on the basis of nationally important criteria which will encourage competitive spirit among them.
National Plan for Technical Assistance:
This scheme attempts to provide technical assistance like orientation of state teams on issues such as planning, techniques of capacity building, women's issues, Gram Sabha mobilization, accounts, e-enablement etc. This will be complemented through preparation of manuals and cross state sharing and documentation of best practices. National Programme Management Unit (NPMU) will be set at National level to provide technical support to States and MoPR. The NPMU will have experts from relevant disciplines, and will also hire short term consultants and consulting organizations.
Mission mode project on e-Panchayat:
It aims to bring e-governance to Panchayati Raj Institutions through Panchayat Enterprise Suite.