The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has given its approval for "Integrated Scheme for Development of Silk Industry", as a Central Sector Scheme, from 2017-18 to 2019-20.
Ministry of Textiles
Silk industry in India:
Silk in Indian subcontinent is considered to be a luxury product. In India, about 97% of the raw mulberry silk is produced in the five Indian states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Jammu and Kashmir.
To increase the number of people engaged in the silk sector from 85 lakhs to one crore in the next three years. 50 thousand people will be trained in this sector.
To improve the productivity and quality of silk through R&D intervention.
Features of the scheme:
The scheme will benefit 85 lakh people in the silk sector.
It will provide livelihood opportunities for women, those belonging to SCs and STs, and other weaker sections of the society across the country, including those from Left-Wing Extremism affected areas and North Eastern Region.
Silk farmers, seed producers and chawki rearers will be brought under Direct Benefit Transfer, with Aadhaar linkage.
A helpline will be set up for timely redressal of grievances & outreach programmes will be undertaken.
Registration process & reporting by seed production centres, basic seed farms and extension centre will be automated through web-based software.
Support to be given to:
Private graineurs to produce quality seed
Chawki Rearing Centres with incubation facilities, to produce and supply chawki worms
Adopted seed-rearers to generate quality seed cocoons
131 new Chawki Rearing Centres (CRCs) will be established for scientific handling of silkworm eggs and rearing of young age silkworm larvae under controlled conditions to enhance quality of cocoon and their harvest.
81 units will be installed to provide cocoon drying facility in a scientific manner for improved reeling.
For Government-owned facilities, 100% cost will be borne by the Government of India.
For individual beneficiaries: SC/ST- 65% cost by Central Government, 25% by State Government and 10% by the beneficiary.
Beneficiaries from NE states, J&K, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh - 80% cost to be borne by Central Government whereas individual and State Government will bear 10% each.
General: 50% cost will be borne by the Central Government, 25% by the State Government.
A total allocation of Rs.2161.68 Crore has been approved for the implementation of the Scheme for three years from 2017-18 to 2019-20.
The scheme will be implemented by the Ministry through Central Silk Board (CSB).
Infrastructure development by individual farmers and silk producers will be financially supported by the Central Government which will bear 50% of the costs.
Improvement over the earlier scheme:
The scheme has following improvement over the earlier scheme:
(i) The scheme aims to achieve self-sufficiency in silk production by 2022. To achieve this, production of high grade silk in India will reach 20,650 MTs by 2022 from the current level of 11,326 MTs thereby reducing imports to Zero.
(ii) For the first time, there is clear focus on improving production of highest grade quality of silk. It is proposed to increase 4A grade silk from the current level of 15% to 25 % of mulberry production by 2020.
(iii) The implementation strategy is clearly based on convergence at the State level with the schemes of other Ministers like MGNREGS of Rural Development, RKVY & PMKSY of Ministry of Agriculture, for maximizing benefits to the sericulturists.
(iv) The R&D projects pertaining to disease resistant silkworm, host plant improvements, productivity enhancing tools and implements for reeling and waving etc. will be done in cooperation with Ministries i.e. Science and Technology, Agriculture and Human Resource Development (HRD).
The scheme is expected to increase the silk production from the level of 30348 MTs during 2016-17 to 38500 MTs by end of 2019-20 with the following interventions:
Production of import substitute bivoltine silk to the tune of 8500 MTs per annum by 2020.
Research & Development to improve productivity from the present level of 100 Kgs to 111 kgs of silk per ha. of plantation by the end of 2019-20.
Large scale propagation of improved reeling machines (Automatic Reeling Machine for mulberry; improved reeling/spinning machineries and Buniyad reeling machines for Vanya silk) under Make in India programme to produce quality silk to cater to the market demand.
The scheme will help to increase productive employment from 85 lakhs to 1 crore persons by 2020.
Under Seed Sector, Seed Production Units will be equipped and strengthened to bring in quality standards in production network, besides increasing the production capacity to cater to the increased silk production target. Support would be provided for adopted seed rearers to generate quality seed cocoons, private graineurs to produce quality seed and Chawki Rearing Centres (CRCs) with incubation facilities to produce and supply chawki worms. Other efforts will include setting up new Cold storage, providing mobile disinfection units and equipment support for mechanization.
Registration process under Seed Act and reporting by seed production centres, basic seed farms and extension centres will be automated by developing web based software. All the beneficiaries under the scheme from silk farmers, seed producers and chawkirearers will be brought on a DBT mode with Aadhaar linkage.
Brand Promotion of Indian silk will be encouraged through quality certification by Silk Mark not only in the domestic market but in the Export market as well. High quality standards in silkworm seed, cocoon and raw silk will be promoted by setting up Cocoon Testing Centres & Silk Testing Centres. Efforts will be strengthened for collaborating with NIFT and NID for support on design and product development.