Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) was launched by Government of India on September 17, 2015 to transform the living standard of the people who stay in the mining areas.
Ministry of Mines
for the welfare of areas and people affected by mining related operations, using the funds generated by District Mineral Foundations (DMFs).
District Mineral Foundations (DMFs)
The Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2015, mandated the setting up of District Mineral Foundations (DMFs) in all districts in the country affected by mining related operations.
The Central Government has also notified the rates of contribution payable by miners to the DMFs.
In case of all mining leases executed before 12th January, 2015 (the date of coming into force of the Amendment Act) miners will have to contribute an amount equal to 30% of the royalty payable by them to the DMFs.
Where mining leases are granted after 12.01.2015, the rate of contribution would be 10% of the royalty payable.
Using the funds generated by this contribution, the DMFs are expected to implement the PMKKKY.
The DMFs have also been directed to maintain the utmost transparency in their functioning and provide periodic reports on the various projects and schemes taken up by them.
The objective of PMKKKY scheme will be:
(a) to implement various developmental and welfare projects/programs in mining affected areas that complement the existing ongoing schemes/projects of State and Central Government;
(b) to minimize/mitigate the adverse impacts, during and after mining, on the environment, health and socio-economics of people in mining districts; and
(c) to ensure long-term sustainable livelihoods for the affected people in mining areas.
Care has been taken to include all aspects of living, to ensure substantial improvement in the quality of life.
PMKKKY will be implemented by the DMFs of the respective districts using the funds accruing to the DMF. At least 60% of PMKKKY funds will be utilized for high priority areas like:
(i) drinking water supply;
(ii) environment preservation and pollution control measures;
(iii) health care;
(v) welfare of women and children;
(vi) welfare of aged and disabled people;
(vii) skill development; and
Other areas will get 40% of funds.
For creating a supportive and conducive living environment, balance funds will be spent on making roads, bridges, railways, waterways projects, irrigation and alternative energy sources.
This way, government is facilitating mainstreaming of the people from lower strata of society, tribals and forest-dwellers who have no wherewithal and are affected the most from mining activities.