RIMES (Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System for Africa and Asia)

March 17, 2018

 

 

What is RIMES?

The Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System for Africa and Asia (RIMES) is an international and intergovernmental institution, owned and managed by its Member States, for the generation and application of early warning information.

 

RIMES evolved from the efforts of countries in Africa and Asia, in the aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, to establish a regional early warning system within a multi-hazard framework for the generation and communication of early warning information, and capacity building for preparedness and response to trans-boundary hazards.

 

RIMES was established on 30 April 2009, and was registered with the United Nations on 1 July 2009. RIMES operates from its regional early warning center located at the campus of the Asian Institute of Technology in Pathumthani, Thailand.

 

RIMES was registered with the United Nations under Article 102 on 1 July 2009, and has been supported since inception by UNESCAP and DANIDA.

Aim:

RIMES provides regional early warning services and builds capacity of its Member States in the end-to-end early warning of tsunami and hydro-meteorological hazards.

Mission: Building capacity and providing actionable warning information towards forearmed, forewarned and resilient communities.

 

12 Member States: (as in March 2018) (See map)

Bangladesh, Cambodia, Comoros, India, Lao PDR, Maldives, Mongolia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Seychelles, Sri Lanka and Timor-Leste.

 

 

19 Collaborating Countries:

Afghanistan, Armenia, Bhutan, China, Indonesia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Somalia, Tanzania, Thailand, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, and Yemen.

Functions:

  • Provides maximum benefit at minimum cost
    RIMES addresses both high-impact, low-frequency hazards, such as tsunamis, as well as low-impact, but high-frequency hazards, such as extreme weather events, for the optimum use of its technological facilities, while giving Member States a wider range of decision-support information.
    Member States financially support RIMES operations, at a cost much lower than that required for establishing individual early warning systems for high-impact, low-frequency hazards.

  • Meets early warning information needs of different users
    RIMES integrates risk information at different time scales to meet early warning information needs of diverse users.

  • Engages multi-level stakeholders
    RIMES provides an interface between global centers of excellence and national and local level institutions to bring the best of science and practices for enhanced performance of early warning systems

  • Acts as a test-bed for emerging technologies and research products

  • RIMES acts as a test-bed for identifying promising new and emerging technologies and research products, and pilot testing and making these operational through demonstration of tangible benefits.

 

Structure of the organisation:

 

In current news:

In March 2018, the government of Odisha has signed an MoU with RIMES. 

The Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System(RIMES), an UN-registered agency has collaborated with Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA) to strengthen its quality, prediction ability and response capacity.

 

Significance:

  1. The international agency will provide technical support to OSDMA regarding analysis of data to be generated through automatic weather stations being installed in all the gram panchayats, validation of the forecast, early warning and preparedness for lightening, heat wave, flood, draught and Tsunami.technical support to OSDMAThe international agency will provide

  2. It would also enhance the warning response capacities of the OSDMA by imparting specialized expert training.

  3. The RIMES will help to develop a one-stop risk management system for all OSDMA needs- integration of multiple data database/servers.

 

The state has successfully managed major calamities like very severe cyclone Phailin in 2013 and Hudhud, another cyclone in 2014. It had also faced and managed around five floods and three droughts since 2000.

The United Nations had appreciated the state government’s effort of managing the cyclone Phailin that hit the state in October 2013 and announced Odisha as a model state for disaster management programme.

 

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