Situated in the permeable geological formations beneath the Earth called aquifers, groundwater is the most vital resource that mankind can think of today. Aquifers can be shallow as well as deep. They form the water recharged into the surface of the earth in the form of streams and lakes. They also absorb minerals from the soil and transfer the nutrients into the stream supporting the food web that feeds fish.This makes Groundwater conservation an imminent priority for the conservation of life on Earth.
Atal Bhujbal Yojana
Ministry : Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation
Aim of the Yojana:
Sustainable ground water management with community participation.
States Covered under the scheme: Refer to the Map
Financing of the Scheme:
This scheme will be a Centrally Sector Scheme i.e. 100% financing by the Central Government.
It will be implemented with World Bank assistance.
Regulating authority of Scheme:
Central Ground Water Authority(CGWA) will be the regulating authority of the scheme. CGWA is constituted under "The Environment (Protection) Act 1986.
Other steps taken for Ground Water Conservation by Ministry of Water Resources:
Central Ground water board has created a document titled “Master Plan for Artificial Recharge to Ground Water – 2013” which provides information about area specific artificial recharge techniques to augment the ground water resources based on the availability of source water and capability of subsurface formations to accommodate it.
The National Water Policy (2012) formulated by Ministry of Water Resources, RD & GR, inter-alia, advocates conservation, promotion and protection of water and highlights the need for augmenting the availability of water through rain water harvesting, direct use of rainfall and other management measures.
CGWA has notified 162 areas in the Country for the purpose of regulation of ground water.
This Ministry has circulated a Model Bill to all the States/UTs to enable them to enact suitable ground water legislation for its regulation and development which includes provision of rain water harvesting. So far, 15 States/UTs have adopted and implemented the ground water legislation on the lines of Model bill.
CGWB has taken up Aquifer Mapping and Management programme (NAQUIM) during XII Plan, under the scheme of Ground Water Management and Regulation.
Model Building Bye Laws, 2016 circulated by Ministry of Urban Development include the provision of Rainwater Harvesting. As per Model Building Bye Laws, water harvesting through storing of water runoff including rainwater in all new buildings on plots of 100 sq.m and above will be mandatory.