Tiger Vanished from 3 countries- Global Tiger CA l TS survey, 2018

March 2, 2018

 

Context:

  1. Tiger Summit, St. Petersburg, Russia, 2010:

    1. It endorsed Global Tiger Recovery Programme

      • Aim:

        • Reversing the rapid decline of tigers and doubling their numbers by 2022.

      • Participants:

        • 13 tiger range countries namely, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Vietnam, Malaysia, China, Laos, Indonesia, Russia and  Thailand

      • Commitment:

        • Countries will draw up action plan to strengthen reserves, crack down on poachers and provide financial assistance to maintain a thriving tiger population.

           

           

 

 

 

Conservation Assured l Tiger Standards (CAlTS) survey, 2018

  1. Survey Agency :

    • Global Tiger Forum

      • The Global Tiger Forum (GTF) is the only inter- governmental international body established with members from willing countries to embark on a global campaign to protect the Tiger.

    • Functioning:

      • The GTF has a General Assembly meeting every 3 years and Standing committee meetings at least once a year.

      • A Chairperson, usually a Minister from one of the Tiger Range countries heads GTF for a fixed tenure of 3 Years.

      • The Secretariat of GTF is headed by a Secretary General and is located in New Delhi, India.

  2. Sample size:

    • 112 tiger sites located in 11 tiger range countries including India were surveyed.

  3. Findings:

    • Positive:

      • To date, three sites - Lansdowne Forest Division in Uttarakhand, India, Chitwan National Park in Nepal and Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve in Russia - have been awarded CA|TS Approved status

      • 52.5% showed fairly strong management.

      • Tiger monitoring is being implemented in 87% of the sites

    • Negative:

      • Three of the 13 countries - Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam have lost all their tigers.

      • Only 12.5% sites were able to meet the full CA l TS criteria.

      • 35% have relatively weak management.

      • Basic needs such as enforcement of laws against poaching, engaging local communities and managing conflicts between people and wildlife, remain weak for all areas surveyed.

      • Despite poaching being one of the greatest threats faced by big cats, 85 per cent of the areas surveyed do not have staff capacity to patrol the sites effectively and 61 per cent of the areas in Southeast Asia have a very limited anti-poaching enforcement

         

         

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