Agriculture in India : National Policy for Farmers, Schemes, Institutes. and development - Part 2

February 22, 2018

In the previous part we have covered most of the Government schemes and the key points that we have to remember. Now we will look at the remaining schemes being implemented by the government. 

  1. Livestock Improvement:

    • Cloning of only alive wild buffalo of Chhattisgarh has opened up new avenues for use of cloning technology for conservation of endangered species. The name of cloned buffalo is Deepasha.

  2. National Agricultural Science Fund:

    • It is established to support basic and strategic research in agriculture, reviewing, monitoring and evaluating the ongoing projects.

  3. Department of Animal husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries:

    • Ministry: Department of Ministry of Agriculture.

       

    • Functions: Advices the state governments and union territories in the formulation of policies and programmes in the field of animal husbandry, dairy development and fisheries.

    • National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) works in Operational Flood areas.

    • Operation Flood:

      • Operation Flood = Village Milk Producers Cooperatives + Modern Management + Technology.

      • Objectives:

        • Increase Milk Production.

        • Augment Rural Incomes.

        • Reasonable price for consumers.

      • Phases:

        • Phase I : 1970-80.

          • It along with EEC linked 18 of India's premier milk sheds with consumers in India's  four major metropolitan cities : Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata.

        • Phase II : 1981-85.

          • Increased the milk sheds from  18 to 136 and 290 urban markets opened. Direct marketing allowed.

        • Phase III : 1985-96.

          • It enabled dairy cooperatives to expand and strengthen the infrastructure required to procure and market increasing volumes of milk. Veterinary first-aid health care services, feed and artificial insemination services for cooperative members were extended, along with intensified member education.

  4.  Dairy Entrepreneurship Development:

    • It was launched in September, 2010 with the objective of promoting private investment in dairy sector.

    • It is being implemented through NABARD.

  5. National Livestock Mission:

    1. Objectives:

      • Sustainable development of livestock sector,

      • Focusing on improving availability of quality food and water,

      • risk coverage,

      • effective extension

      • Skill development

      • Improved flow of credit and organization of livestock farmers/rearers etc.

    1. Central Sheep Breeding Farm is in Hisar.

    2. Implementing Agency: Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairy and Fisheries (DADF).

    3. Components:

      • Sub-Mission on Livestock Development

        • The Risk Management and Insurance

      • Sub-Mission on Pig Development in North-eastern Region

      • Sub-Mission on Fodder and Feed Development

      • Sub-Mission on Skill Development, Technology Transfer and Extension

  6.   Livestock Health:

    1. Biggest impediment:

      • Large scale prevalence of animal diseases like Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD), Peste des Petits Ruminants, Brucellosis, Avian Influenza etc.

    2. Government Initiative:

      • Government has launched "Veterinary Services and Animal Health" as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.

    3. Achievements:

      • India has been declared Contagious Bovine Pleuro-Pneumonia (CBPP) infection free country in 2007 by World Animal Health Organization, OIE.

      • OIE also classified India as having negligible risk for Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE).

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