Agriculture in India : National Policy for Farmers, Schemes, Institutes. and development - Part 1

February 21, 2018

As per the Census 2011 data, 166 million workers are still employed in agricultural and allied activities out of the total 313 million main workers amounting to massive 56.6% of the main workers. This makes the development of agriculture an issue of primacy for Indian economy. Agriculture is also important to feed our 1.324 billion population (2016 data). Agricultural growth relates to development of secondary and tertiary sector too as agriculture is the main source of raw material. However, Indian agriculture has been going through many problems as articulated in the article on Agriculture (click here). Indian government formulated National for Farmers 2007 which has provided the guidelines for government action on agriculture. In this article we will see the National Policy for Farmers, 2007 and the schemes formulated under it by the Government.


  1.  National Policy for Farmers, 2007

    1. Features:

      • Asset Reforms in respect of Land, Water, Livestock, Fisheries and Bio-resource.

      • Support services and inputs like application of frontier technologies.

      • Agricultural bio-security systems.

      • Supply of good quality seeds and disease free planting material.

      • Improving soil fertility and health.

      • Integrated pest management systems.

      • Support services for women like crèches, child care centres, nutrition, health and training.

      • Timely adequate and easy reach of institutional credit at reasonable interest rates and farmer friendly insurance instruments.

      • Use of ICT and setting up of farmers schools to revitalize agricultural extensions.

        • Example: Gyan Chaupals.

      • Effective implementation of MSP across the country.

      • Development of agricultural market infrastructure.

      • Rural non farm employment initiatives for farm households.

      • Integrated approach for rural energy.

  2. Schemes: 

    1. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana:

      • Objective: To provide improved access to irrigation and enhanced water efficiency.

      • Finance: 50,000 crore for 5 years.

      • Features:

        • To achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level.

        • Expand cultivable area under irrigation.

        • Improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water.

        • Enhance the adoption of precision irrigation and other water saving technologies (more crop per drop).

        • Enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices.

    2. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana:

      • Objective: To support organic farming. 

    3. National Agricultural Market:

      • Objective: For creation of a unified national agriculture market to boost the incomes of farmers.

    4. Agricultural Credit:

      • Agricultural credit flow has shown consistent progress every year.

    5. Kisan Credit Card:

      • Implementation Agency: Commercial banks, Cooperative Banks and Regional Rural Banks.

      • Features:

        • Scope has been increased to include term credit and consumption needs.

        • It is simplified and concerted into ATM enabled debit cards with facilities of

          • one time documentation

          • Built in cost escalation in the limit.

          • Any number of drawals within the limit.



      Crop Insurance:

      • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

        • It replaces National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS) and Modified National Agricultural Scheme (MNAIS).

          • A uniform maximum premium of only 2% will be paid by farmers for all kharif crops.

          • 1.5% for all rabi crops.

          • In case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, the maximum premium to be paid by farmers will be only 5%.

      • Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS).

      • Coconut Palm Insurance Scheme (CPIS).

      • Pilot Unified Package Insurance Scheme (UPIS).

    7. Special Rehabilitation Package for Distressed Farmers:

      • It is being given for 31 suicide prone districts in the four states -

        • Andhra Pradesh

        • Maharashtra

        • Karnataka

        • Kerala.

          • For Kerala the packages are as per the suggestion of M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, 2008 which include:

            • Development of Kuttanad Wetland Ecosystem.

            • Mitigation of Agrarian Distress in Idukki district.

    8. Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices:



      • CACP advices on the price policy (MSP) of 23 crops.

      • It submits its recommendations to the government in the form of price policy report every year, separately for five groups of commodities namely Kharif crops, rabi crops, sugarcane, raw jute and copra.

      • Commission in preparing the policy seeks views of various state governments, concerned national organizations and ministries.

    9. Indian Council of Agricultural Research:

      • It has the largest network of agricultural research and education in the world.

      • It has formulated the Vision-2050 document.

        • Vision: Lead India to attain sustainable food, nutritional, environmental and livelihood security through agricultural research and education.

        • Mission: Harness the power of science and innovation for food security, food safety, farmer prosperity and enhance natural resource base to promote inclusive growth and sustainable development.

    10.  Soil and Water Productivity:

      • Electronic atlas of water resources is developed for Odisha and Himachal Pradesh for catch assessment and developing GID based decision support system.

      • Bamboo plantation based bio-engineering interventions are promising for reclamation and productive utilization of major ravines namely

        • Mahi ravines at Vasad, Gujarat.

        • Chambal ravines at Kota, Rajasthan.

        • Yamuna ravines at Agra, UP



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