The Mughal empire was founded by Babur, a central asian ruler who claimed lineage from Timur on his father's side and from Chagatai, the second son of the Mongol ruler, Chengiz Khan.
Invited to fight Ibrahim Lodhi by Daulat Khan Lodhi, Alam Khan and Rana Sanga of Mewar
First Battle of Panipat: 1526:
Ibrahim Lodhi and Babur
Babur applied Rumi (ottomon) method of warfare, also known as Turghana system of warfare, wherein he encircled Lodhi's army from both flanks.
Under expert Ottomon gunners Ustad Ali and Mustafa
Problems he faced after winning the battle:
Nobles wanted to go back to Central Asia.
Rajputs were relaying around under the leadership of Rana Sanga
Afghans though defeated at Panipat, were still left in some parts of UP, Bihar, Odisha.
Battle of Khanwa:
Battle of Chanderi:
Battle of Ghagra:
Significance of Babur's advent in India:
Security from external invasions from north-west frontier
Established a pan-India empire by breaking the power of the Rajput Confederacy
New mode of warfare and popularised the use of gunpowder, cavalry and artillery in India
Devoted follower of Naqshbandiya Sufi Khwaja Ubaidullah Ahrar
Sambhul, near Rohilkhand